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Monday, November 2, 2020 | History

3 edition of Structural Reforms, Technological Gaps and Economic Development: A Latin American Perspective found in the catalog.

Structural Reforms, Technological Gaps and Economic Development: A Latin American Perspective

Productive Development, No. 129

by Mario Cimoli

  • 209 Want to read
  • 9 Currently reading

Published by United Nations Publications .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Economics - General,
  • Business / Economics / Finance

  • The Physical Object
    FormatPaperback
    Number of Pages50
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL12894857M
    ISBN 109211213665
    ISBN 109789211213669

    Latin America as a region has multiple nation-states, with varying levels of economic complexity. The Latin American economy is an export-based economy consisting of individual countries in the geographical regions of North America, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean. The socioeconomic patterns of what is now called Latin America were set in the colonial era when the . four Latin American countries, decomposing this sector into three groups of subsectors: engineering-intensive, natural resource-intensive, and labour-intensive. The final section sets out the general conclusions drawn from the analysis presented in the earlier sections. II General development patterns: the productivity gap and the energy gap.


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Structural Reforms, Technological Gaps and Economic Development: A Latin American Perspective by Mario Cimoli Download PDF EPUB FB2

Abstract. Structural Reforms This paper explores the impact that recent structural reforms have had upon macro‐to‐micro linkages, as well as upon the pattern of production specialization, the entry and exit of firms during the adjustment process, and the ‘sources’ of technical change in the present more open and deregulated Latin American macroeconomic by: Downloadable.

This paper explores Technological Gaps and Economic Development: A Latin American Perspective book impact recent structural reforms have had on macro-to-micro linkages, as well as upon the pattern of production specialization, the entry and exit of firms during the adjustment process, and the sources of technical change in the present more open and de-regulated Latin American scenarios.

Having described some of the above one final question emerges Cited by: Request PDF | Structural Reforms, Technological Gaps and Economic Development: A Latin American Perspective | This paper explores the impact that recent structural reforms. Get this from a library. Structural reforms, technological gaps and economic development: a Latin American perspective.

[Mario Cimoli; Jorge M Katz; United Nations. Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean. Division of Production, Productivity, and Management.]. Mario Cimoli & Jorge Katz, "Structural reforms, technological gaps and economic development: a Latin American perspective," Industrial and Corporate Change.

Structural Reforms, Technological Gaps and Economic Development: A Latin American Perspective. By CIMOLI M. and KATZ J. Topics: America Latina, desarrollo economico. Cimoli, M. and J. Katz (), “Structural Reforms, Technological Gaps and Economic Development: A Latin American Perspective”.

Industrial and Corporate Change, 12, – CrossRef Google Scholar. In the s and 60s, in Latin America structuralism was considered as the preeminent form of analysis of economic development and growth.

Nowadays, in contrast, as a mode of analysis structuralism is distinctly unfashionable, and has been superceded by newer endogenous growth theories, which build on earlier neoclassical contributions.

Beyond broad endorsements of enhancing human capital. Ocampo (ed.), Beyond Reforms, Structural Dynamics and Macroeconomic Vulnerability, Stanford University Press, ; ‘Structural reforms, tech-nological gaps and economic development: a Latin American perspec-tive’ (with J.

Katz), Industrial and Corporate Change, ; Developing. Cimoli M, Katz J () Structural reforms, technological gaps and economic development: a Latin American perspective. Ind Corp Chang 12(2)– CrossRef Google Scholar Dopfer K () Mesoeconomics: bridging micro and macro in a Schumpeterian key.

Cimoli M. and J. Katz (), “Structural Reforms, Technological Gaps and Economic Development: A Latin American Perspective”, Industrial and Corporate Change, 12 (2), pp. – Dosi G., Pavitt K. and Soete G. () The Economics of Technical Change and.

After years of the gap narrowing, better economic equality is no longer a reliable trend in many countries. • One way to tackle stagnating inequality is to embark on structural reforms that. Structural Reforms, Technological Gaps and Economic Development: A Latin American Perspective.

and international competitiveness in th e context of the new Latin American economic. The Latin American Economic Outlook (LEO) focuses on the role of digital transformation in helping to navigate through challenging times. The Covid pandemic is having a profound impact on socio-economic conditions, accentuating the already complex scenario faced by a region with significant structural weaknesses.

This unprecedented crisis comes at a time of high aspirations and. The second section of this chapter presents the structuralist centre–periphery theory, a device to discuss the features that distinguish the Latin American economies (the periphery) from the developed ones (the centre).

Structuralism provides a good account of the macrodynamics of technology, specialization, and relative economic growth. Economic Growth in Latin America and the Caribbean analyzes whether economic reforms have been beneficial to growth in the region.

In doing so, it recognizes that growth is driven by a variety of factors – in some cases poor growth is due to insufficient structural reforms (e.g., low trade openness), in others to inappropriate stabilization.

Technological Change And Labour Productivity Growth In Latin American Manufacturing Industries --A. Labour Productivity as a Proxy for Technical Change --B. Labour Productivity in the Latin American Manufacturing Sector Before and After Recent Structural Reforms --C.

Labour Productivity Growth at the Individual Industry Level --D. The Information and Communications for Development report takes an in-depth look at how information and communication technologies (ICT) are impacting economic growth in developing countries.

This new report, the fourth in the series, examines the topic of data-driven development, or how better information makes for better policies. Among Latin American countries in the Index of Economic Freedom, only Chile and Colombia are ranked among the world’s “mostly free”.

Latin America has been central to the main debates on development economics, ranging from the relationships between income inequality and economic growth, and the importance of geography versus institutions in development, to debates on the effects of trade, trade openness and protection on growth and income distribution.

Despite increasing interest in the region there are few. Structural reforms, technological gaps and economic development: a Latin American perspective Industrial and Corporate Change,12, (2), View citations (51) Intellectual property rights and national innovation systems - Some lessons from the Mexican experience Revue d'Économie Industrielle,99, (1), View.

© Inter-American Development Bank. 2 See Bértola and Ocampo (, chapter 3) and Bulmer-Thomas (, chapters ).; 4 Commodity dependence has been an essential feature of Latin America’s integration into the world economy since colonial times. When modern economic development took off, it was associated with the commodity expansion that took place in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, which was brought to.

Old-Age Income Support in the 21st Century attempts to explain current policy thinking and update the World Bank’s perspective on pension reform. The Bank has been involved in pension reforms in nearly 60 countries, and the demand for its support continues to grow.

Read this book on Questia. This publication contains a number of papers written by analysts from the UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) which discuss development economics issues and options for improving the economic performance of Latin American countries, given the fact that, in many countries, recent liberalisation policies and structural reforms have.

Latin America since the midth century The postwar world, – In Latin America as elsewhere, the close of World War II was accompanied by expectations, only partly fulfilled, of steady economic development and democratic consolidation.

Economies grew, but at a slower rate than in most of Europe or East Asia, so that Latin America’s relative share of world production and trade. Latin America and the Caribbean today: slower growth exposing the need for further structural reforms Today’s macroeconomic context is putting the region’s past socio-economic progress to the test.

More than ever, structural reforms to raise productivity, advance social inclusion, and strengthen public sector capacity and governance are needed.

This chapter analyses the evolution of industrial policy in the four largest Latin American economies—Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, and Colombia—using Korea as a benchmark. Three phases in industrial policy and industrial transformation are identified: a period of state-led industrialization between the end of the Second World War and aroundwhich came to an end with the debt crisis of.

Our collaboration with Latin American countries is indeed significant: the IMF now has programs in place with 13 countries in the Region, for a total of about $30 billion. Our technical assistance—ranging from macroeconomic management and statistics to tax policy and administration, social security reform, financial law, and information.

Finding the best path to lead Chile toward economic development has been a continuous task of Chilean governments and leaders during the last century.

The mission of building a society of. Conversely, countries that have adhered more strictly to the orthodox structural reform agenda -- most notably in Latin America -- have fared less well.

Since the mids, virtually all Latin American countries have opened and deregulated their economies, privatized their public enterprises, and allowed unrestricted access to foreign capital. In the last ten to fifteen years, the Latin American and Caribbean region has undergone the most significant transformation of economic policy since World War II.

Through a series of structural reforms, an increasing number of countries have moved from closed, state-dominated economies to ones that are more market oriented and open to the rest. economic development is much more powerful in China than that in the Western countries.

Without political structural reform, there would be no economic systematic change. This is a basic experience gained during the Chinese reform era. Deng Xiaoping, the designer and leader of Chinese reform, deeply understood this point.

Economic development, the process whereby simple, low-income national economies are transformed into modern industrial gh the term is sometimes used as a synonym for economic growth, generally it is employed to describe a change in a country’s economy involving qualitative as well as quantitative theory of economic development—how primitive and poor.

This paper goes back to the Cornwall () model for explaining the role of manufacturing in economic growth and estimates the equation of manufacturing growth.

It contributes to the literature on the hypothesis of manufacturing as an engine of growth by an empirical analysis of the determinants of industrialization in 74 countries for the period Macroeconomics and Natural Resources provides an introduction to contemporary macroeconomics accessible and attractive for students from different levels, countries, and field of studies thanks, on the one hand, to its didactic approach, graphical richness and flexible mix of technical, colloquial and metaphoric language, and, on the other hand, to its global perspective and.

Structural reforms can help poorest countries break 'vicious' economic circle – new UN report 27 November The world's poorest countries are trapped in an economic vicious circle, which pins them in poverty and must be reversed if new development goals are to be met, according to a newly released report from United Nations Conference on.

Brazil is at crossroads, emerging slowly from a historic recession that was preceded by a huge economic boom. Reasons for the historic bust following a boom are manifold. Policy mistakes were an important contributory factor, and included the pursuit of countercyclical policies, introduced to deal with the effects of the global financial crisis, beyond the point where they were helpful.

Jhilam Ray, Farhat Naaz, Poulomi Khasnobis, Rajarshi Majumder, Internal Migration and Inclusive Development: Insights from the Field, Development Challenges of India After Twenty Five Years of Economic Reforms, /_22, (), (). According to statistics on the Latin American economy prepared by the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, the rate of increase of total domestic production stood at % in compared with the figure (%), whereas inflation rekindled again, with its rate soaring to % from % in.

By choosing countries in Latin America, I have lowered the chance of confounding variables that could influence the educational gender gap. Each of these four countries has a common religion, official language, political system, geographic location [Western Hemisphere] and history of .Successful economic development in Palestine will require an adequate theory of development, industrial policy, and institutional reforms.

Recently, the Palestine Economic Policy Research Institute (MAS) published a comprehensive study on Palestinian economic development. In this report, co-authored by my colleagues Heiner Flassbeck, Michael.Cycles, Economic Structures and External Constraints: A Structuralist Study on the Causes of Economic Volatility in Latin America Download (pdf) Year: Promotor(s): Bart .